HIV & HCV Facts
Currently the CDC estimates that there are 38,000 new cases of HIV transmission in the United States each year. Although there is no cure available for HIV disease currently, new available drug treatment options have the ability to effectively manage HIV patients disease to a state that is virtually undetectable with side effects like those of many common chronic conditions.
Meanwhile, while the CDC estimates 12,000 deaths annually in the US from liver disease caused by hepatitis C. An estimated one-third of people with HIV in the U.S. are co-infected with HCV and liver disease is one of the leading causes of death in people with HIV.
If untreated, HCV can lead to cirrhosis, liver failure, carcinomas as well as autoimmune, and other conditions outside of the liver. End-stage liver disease from HCV co-infection is a leading cause of death among HIV-positive people in the U.S
New preliminary data released by CDC in 2017 shows that, in over just five years, the number of new hepatitis C infections reported has nearly tripled, reaching a 15-year high. The greatest increases, and the highest overall number of cases, were among young people 20-29, with injection drug use as the primary route of transmission. However, the majority (three-quarters) of the 3.5 million Americans already living with hepatitis C are baby boomers, born from 1945 to 1965, who are six times more likely to be infected with hepatitis C than those in other age groups and are at much greater risk for death from the virus.
Because hepatitis C often has few noticeable symptoms, the number of new cases is likely much higher than what is reported. Due to limited testing and under-reporting, CDC estimates the actual number of Americans newly infected is 34,000.The number of new hepatitis C infections reported to CDC in 2015 was higher than it’s been in 15 years – having nearly tripled since 2010 (850 new cases were reported in 2010, and 2,436 new cases reported in 2015).
American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) 04.28.2017
American Liver Foundation Help Line: 1-800-GO-LIVER (1-800-465-4837)
American Gastroenterological Association 04.28.2017
American College of Gastroenterologists 04.28.2017
Elimination of Hepatitis B and C – National Academies of Science